Gastro intestinal Surgery
1. Foreign bodies:
Foreign bodies occur when pets consume items that will not readily pass through their gastrointestinal tract. These items may be strings (Figure 1), a pet’s or child’s toy (Figure 2), leashes, clothing, sticks, or any other item that fails to pass, including human food products such as bones or trash.
In this situation the foreign body is located using various techniques and gastrotomy, enterotomy, intestinal resection and anastamosis will be done based on the diagnosis and the foreign body will be removed.
Intussusception in dogs happens when a segment of the large or small intestine telescopes into a nearby portion of the digestive tract. It’s also referred to as “telescoping intestine”. It was identified based on symptoms, radiography, and ultrasonography. In can be easily corrected using simple surgical procedures.
3. Gastric dilatation and volvulus:
Gastric Dilatation-Volvulus (GDV) is a rapidly progressive life-threatening condition of dogs. The condition is commonly associated with large meals and causes the stomach to dilate, because of food and gas, and may get to a point where neither may be expelled. As the stomach begins to dilate and expand, the pressure in the stomach begins to increase.
Stabilization of your dog is paramount and often begins with intravenous fluids and oxygen therapy. Gastric decompression often follows, which includes the passing of a tube down the esophagus into to stomach to release the air and fluid accumulation and can be frequently followed with lavage (flushing of water) into and out of the stomach to remove remaining food particles.
Surgery involves full exploration of the abdomen and de-rotation of the stomach. Additionally, the viability of the stomach wall, the spleen, and all other organs will be determined. Removal of part of the stomach wall (partial gastrectomy) or the spleen (splenectomy) is performed if necessary. Once the stomach is returned to the normal position in the abdomen, it is permanently fixed to the abdominal wall (gastropexy). The purpose of this procedure is to prevent volvulus (rotation) if subsequent gastric dilitation occurs again.